The Story of Arabs in Kansas City

An Arab Maronite Christian who Looked Like a “Mohammedan” Priest and was mistaken for a Jewish Rabbi

In June 1893, a Kansas City Times reporter visited a church at 128 Grand Avenue. By his account, there were 100 or so men and women gathered at Kineest Al-Saidi (the Church of Our Lady), an Arabic Church.

 

 

Father John Yamin (Khouri Hanna) Founder of The Arabic Church in Kansas City in 1893.

The reporter described the preacher as “an odd-looking man with bushy-faded whiskers and a peculiarly-shaped head… the long black gown which covers his form conveys the impression that he is a ‘Mohammedan’ priest, but the rosary and crucifix stamp him as a disciple of the Roman Catholic Church, and such he was.”

 

The congregation was formed in 1893 by Khouri Hanna, known as Hodi Hanna or John Yamin. He was unable to speak English and was often mistaken for a Jewish Rabbi. Father Yamin lived in the Argentine district in Kansas City, KS, with a nephew and a sister-in-law. His apartment was so small that it is said one had to stand outside to take off an overcoat. He rode the inter-urban streetcar to get to church.

The church was located on the second floor of a story and a half building. The front room downstairs housed a dry goods peddling supply store operated by Joseph Moses Tannous.

Joseph Moses emigrated from Syria with his wife in 1888, and settled in Kansas City in 1890. He spoke English and therefore was the “go to” man for most Syrian newcomers. He found them a place to stay, job training and merchandise to sell. His wife, Nestas, was the Godmother to a dozen children of these newcomers. There is no record of whether they had any children of their own, or of where and when they passed away, but we know that he brought his Syrian friend, Father Yamin, from Mazraat Yachouh to Kansas City. They both grew up in that village which is now a suburb of Beirut, Lebanon.

A Drawing of The Arabic Church – The Kansas City Times Article – June 19, 1893

They were called Syrians because Lebanon, Palestine and Jordan had yet to be created by the Sykes-Picot agreement between Britain and France in 1915. Prior to that agreement, everyone who hailed from that region was Syrian. The term “Arab” was too broad.

Most of the Syrian families lived and worked between 10th and 11th Streets. Some lived as far as Lexington, St. Joseph, and Leavenworth. Father Yamin kept all his church records in Arabic. His register contains 215 baptisms, 55 marriages and 70 obituaries between 1893 and 1927. Father Yamin died in 1928 after serving the community here for 35 years. He is buried in St. Mary’s Cemetery, Kansas City, Missouri.

Moses and Yamin embodied the two reasons people come to Kansas City: opportunity and religion. This businessman and his priest friend were referred to as the “Leaders of the Arabic Colony in Kansas City.”


 

 

1893 Cover of the Arabic Church Records

Sample Page

Introduction By Joseph Boutross

The Twentieth century came to Kansas City with the promise of a prosperous future. The city was taking its rank in the nation as a center for the cattle industry. Kansas City was named to host the 1900 Democratic National Convention in its newly built convention hall. Yet, when the hall was “burned to a crisp before the very eyes of the people”, The Kansas City Star reported on April 5, 1900 that Kansas City was in no mood to fail. In merely 90 days, the hall was rebuilt and the convention went on as scheduled, July 4, 1900. Syrians in the city and the whole nation were in awe of this “Kansas City Spirit.”

Proud Syrians at the Swap Park - 1914. Courtesy of Janice Rae Henderson-Cohan

Proud Syrians at Swope Park – 1914. Courtesy of Janice Rae Henderson-Cohan

The 1920 census reported the “Arabic Speaking” Syrians in the city of Kansas City alone numbered 118, not including residents in St. Joseph, Leavenworth, Kansas City, KS, and other surrounding towns. They were involved in local politics, businesses and entertainment. One of the prominent families was the Boutross Family (various spellings). Joseph Abdulla Boutross translated the church records of Father Yamin in 1943. Many of the Syrians who settled in Kansas City came from other US cities such as Wichita and St. Louis. Others arrived directly from Marj Eyoun, Saydnaya and other Lebanese/Syrian towns.

 

Terminal C Main Circle – Kansas City Airport

The Swyden and Eddy families were involved in politics. Victor Swyden served on the city council of Kansas City during the building of the Kansas City International Airport. He named the main circular street at terminal C  “Beirut Cir.” The Eddy Family built Plaza Bowl with 32 alleys at 430 Alameda (known now as JC Nichols Rd).

 

 

The Bylaw Booklet for the Syrian Club in Kansas City – 1921. Courtesy of WHMC-KC

Many others were policemen, merchants, physicians and laborers. Their stories are part of the making of Kansas City. For example, the Kansas City Star reported on March 5, 1945 that a total of 55 men from the Syrian family in the city are in the armed services.

 

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